The hottest grain dryer makes people happy and sad

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Grain dryer: it makes people happy and sad

Abstract: the annual post harvest loss of grain caused by mildew in China is as high as 21million tons, accounting for about 4.2% of the total grain output in China. It is urgent to develop grain drying. However, because the grain dryer industry in China is still in its infancy, many factors such as few production enterprises, high price of machines and tools, and high requirements for use restrict its development

the annual post harvest loss of grain caused by mildew in China is as high as 21million tons, accounting for about 4.2% of the total grain output in China. It is urgent to develop grain drying. However, because the grain dryer industry in China is still in its infancy, many factors such as few production enterprises, high price of machines and tools, and high requirements for use restrict its development. Every harvest season, the grain dryer has become an agricultural machinery sought after by farmers. How about the popularization of grain dryer at the grass-roots level? What are the difficulties in the promotion and development? Recently, I went to Anhui, a major agricultural province, for investigation

1. Current situation: the demand is strong and the subsidy for purchasing machines is difficult to meet.

when it comes to the summer harvest, zhoubangming, a large grain farmer in LuChen village, Lianjiang Town, Dingyuan County, Anhui Province, was busy drying wheat with a dryer. A group of dryers nearly 10 meters high are "rumbling" in operation. "It can process 15 tons of wheat a day." Zhoubangming said that in addition to drying 5000 mu of wheat transferred by his family, he also provided drying services for other farmers in the township, charging 3 cents per kilogram

"this dryer was launched in 2013. At that time, I enjoyed the national agricultural machinery purchase subsidy. I personally paid about 100000 yuan." Zhoubangming said that this group of machines can basically meet the grain drying needs of the whole lianjiang town

caoshanglue, a major grain grower in Zhangzhuang village, Liuji Town, separated by dozens of miles, also enjoys subsidies for the purchase of agricultural machinery. Last year, he invested hundreds of thousands of yuan to buy a high-power dryer. "Since we had the dryer, we are no longer afraid of bad weather when we harvest wheat." Caoshang said that, especially after his family has storage equipment, he doesn't have to rush to sell the wheat after drying. He just needs to wait until the price goes up, so as to maximize the benefits of grain planting

however, wangjunliang, a big grain farmer in Suixi County, Anhui Province, is not so lucky. Wang Junliang, who has been engaged in seed planting for many years, has always dreamed of a set of drying equipment. He inquired about the models from many sources to promote the progress and price of the industry, hoping to purchase a dryer through the agricultural machinery purchase subsidy. Who knows, he was told that the county has not included the space for the research and development of new dryer materials in the catalogue of agricultural machinery purchase subsidies. This means that he can only buy the machine by himself. After much thought, he decided to wait for the policy before buying

originally, the subsidy fund for agricultural machinery purchase in Anhui Province was allocated to each county and district, and each county and district listed the catalogue of agricultural machinery that could enjoy the subsidy for agricultural machinery purchase in that year according to the actual needs. Due to limited funds, most counties and districts set up purchase directories according to the priorities of the actual needs of agricultural production. This has resulted in different catalogue of agricultural machinery purchase subsidies in each county. Some counties and districts have listed the dryers in the catalogue, while others have not

device for changing times

2 The future: the dryer is expected to develop rapidly

"Anhui province supports the development of grain drying mechanization, mainly based on three needs: first, to resist the rainy weather, second, to alleviate the shortage of sun farms, and third, to improve the quality of grain. In order to promote development, Anhui has included grain drying machinery as a non-general catalog in the scope of machine purchase subsidies since 2005. Before 2010, the maximum subsidy rate (30%) stipulated by the State shall be used Subsidies will be provided, and quota subsidies will be implemented since 2010. In 2015, it was included in the scope of key subsidized machines and tools. " Hu Gang, director of Anhui Agricultural Machinery Bureau, introduced

it is understood that as early as the 1990s, Anhui Province began to pay attention to the mechanization of grain drying and carried out popularization experiments. At first, most of the drying machines were large-scale units, with single products, large investment, and incompatible with the family business model, so the progress was slow. Until 2000, with the emergence of small-scale drying machines with good performance, the expansion of agricultural production and operation scale, the improvement of mechanized harvest level and the concentration of harvest period, grain drying machines were gradually favored by farmers. The Agricultural Machinery Department of the province took advantage of the situation to take the drying mechanization as an important part of the whole process mechanization of grain production, and for the first time incorporated the drying mechanization into the content of on-site demonstrations and technical training courses, increasing the promotion and demonstration, Drying machinery is increasing year by year, especially in rice planting areas along the Yangtze River and the Huaihe River. The development of grain drying mechanization is very fast

by the end of 2012, there were 3204 grain dryers in the province, 4398 in 2013, 5447 in 2014, 6494 in 2015 and 9522 in 2016. At the same time, experts predict that the dryer is expected to usher in a golden period of rapid development in the next 10 years

high use efficiency is the key factor to accelerate the development of dryer. Take Zongyang County, the first county in Anhui Province to purchase and use a dryer, as an example. The agricultural department estimates that one dryer can reduce the moisture content of 20 tons of rice from 30% to 16% in one day, and the drying cost is 500 yuan. However, if the drying is done manually to the same level, it will require 400 square meters of sun farms and 8 labors to carry out the drying in three sunny days, and the labor cost alone will exceed 1200 yuan. Nowadays, grain drying enterprises collect grain directly from the fields and sell it after drying. The benefits are considerable

3. Problems: the bottleneck of "three highs" needs to be solved.

"in recent years, Anhui grain dryer has developed rapidly, surpassing the neighboring Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces, but at the same time, there are still many problems in the development, mainly due to the lack of subsidies for the purchase of agricultural machinery." Guozichao, President of Anhui Agricultural Mechanization Association, stressed

guozichao said that the association has made special research. Taking 2012 as an example, Anhui province adopted quota subsidies for dryers, with a maximum subsidy of 40000 yuan per set. A total of 1055 grain dryers were subsidized throughout the year, with a subsidy fund of 33.26 million yuan, of which 714 were subsidized by enterprises in the province, with a subsidy fund of 22.77 million yuan. At present, the market demand for dryers is still large. In particular, 42 high-strength bolts, nuts and gaskets for steel structures are part of rice production areas, and the subsidy funds for machine purchase can not fully meet the demand

it is reported that since the implementation of the subsidy policy for the purchase of agricultural machinery, the purchase of grain dryers in Anhui Province has increased year by year, but there are still many difficulties in large-scale promotion and application. Experts believe that the current factors restricting the promotion and development of dryers mainly include the following aspects:

the price of machines and tools is high. The 84 models of grain dryers that entered the subsidy scope of Anhui Province in 2012 have prices ranging from 60000 to 420000 Yuan due to different power, capacity and brands. When farmers buy a dryer, they need to invest tens of thousands or even hundreds of thousands of yuan in addition to state subsidies, which is a heavy burden for farmers. There is also a contradiction between the batch production of dryers in Anhui Province and the small scale of household and camp and the disunity of varieties. The drying capacity cannot be realized and the input-output ratio is low. Farmers choose to pay the cost of mechanized drying. Because the price of grain is not returned when it is sold, the enthusiasm of using drying machinery is affected

machines and tools require high land occupation. Grain drying equipment is a large-scale equipment, which has high requirements for warehouse construction and power allocation. The difficulty in building agricultural machinery warehouse and approving business site has also become a major factor restricting the development of dryer

high technical requirements for machine operation. Different grain varieties have different drying requirements. Anhui Province mainly produces wheat and rice, and the drying demand is mainly rice, which requires specific technicians to operate according to the technical regulations. At the same time, the maintenance requirements of the dryer are relatively high, and it is basically impossible for ordinary farmers to buy the dryer. In addition, many dryer buyers are grain purchasing and processing enterprises, which conflict with the original intention of supplying farmers with agricultural machinery purchase subsidies, and bring some confusion to the work of machine purchase subsidies. In addition, the single model of drying machinery, especially the lack of mobile products, is difficult to meet the family business needs and expand the service range

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